In the first half of the 17th century, the German states, Scandinavia (Sweden, primarily) and Poland were beset by religious warfare in the Thirty Years War. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. As a member of the Catholic Vietnamese minority, he pursued pro-Catholic policies that antagonized many Buddhists. [40], "From the earliest days of Israel's existence as a people, holy war was a sacred institution, undertaken as a cultic act of a religious community. This essay considers some of the means through which religion can be a source of conflict. Extreme religious Zionists in Israel increasingly see themselves as guardians and definers of the how the Jewish state should be, and are very stringent when it comes to any concessions to the Arabs.

The civil war was mainly between the Christians and Muslims. Religious causes. [2] David Little, "Religious Militancy," in Managing Global Chaos, eds, Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington DC: USIP Press, 1996). Now we have another religion-based war, one that has klilled many times more than any of the others. Reactions in the Arab and the Islamic world to the recent violence in Gaza and the West Bank after the U.S. decision to relocate the embassy to Jerusalem suggest that many view this issue mainly in a religious light.

The key reason, behind this 80 years long war, was that Spain’s emperors implemented different religious rules in the entire Spanish dynasty, including the provinces where Dutch were in majority. Eighty Years’ War, also known as independent war of Dutch, was fought from 1568 to 1648, and it was fought in The Low Countries between the Dutch and the Spanish people. What is called ancient religion today, they would have only called "law".

For example, the effort to impose Christianity on subject peoples was an important part of the conflict surrounding European colonization. In late December 1991 a car bomb (estimated to carry 220 pounds of TNT) exploded in the Muslim neighborhood of Basta. A prominent example was the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, who after succeeding to the presidency in 2012, threatened to compromise the peace agreement with Israel based on their religious ideology – even if they did not immediately tear up the treaty. It was fought on the Sudan borders in between the military of Sudan and the Anyanya guerrilla forces. The spread of Western materialism is often blamed for increases in gambling, alcoholism, and loose morals in general. Join Us in calling for a dramatic expansion of efforts to limit the destructiveness of intractable conflict. Religious nationalists too can produce extremist sentiment.

All religions have their accepted dogma, or articles of belief, that followers must accept without question. [9] Even in the 1st century AD, Josephus had used the Greek term ioudaismos, which some translate as "Judaism" today, even though he used it as an ethnic term, not one linked to modern abstract concepts of religion as a set of beliefs. Interfaith dialogue, discussed further below, can increase understanding.

"in the way of God"), which includes the aspect of struggle "by the sword". 5Harassment of Christians and Jews by both government forces and social groups increased slightly in 2014. Solving today's tough problems depends upon finding better ways of dealing with these conflicts. Although the number of countries in the region experiencing religion-related armed conflict that led to large-scale population displacement remained the same in 2014 as the year before, more than 19 million people in the Middle East-North Africa region were displaced due to such conflicts, up from 18.2 million in 2013. Medieval Japan at first had a similar union between "imperial law" and universal or "Buddha law", but these later became independent sources of power.

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In Jewish and Biblical history, Jerusalem was the capital of the Kingdom of Israel during the reign of King David. In the case of China, it is not a conflict between religions, but rather the government views religion as a dangerous rival for citizens' loyalties. The issue of West Bank settlements, too, has a religious aspect. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. At the dawn of the twenty-first century, a casual glance at world affairs would suggest that religion is at the core of much of the strife around the globe. Prophecies surrounding this issue are deeply rooted in some versions of the Hadith (traditional sayings of the Prophet), although only implied in the Qur’an. Popular portrayals of religion often reinforce the view of religion being conflictual. (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax [29], In early Christianity, St. Augustine's concept of just war (bellum iustum) was widely accepted, but warfare was not regarded as a virtuous activity[30][31] and expressions of concern for the salvation of those who killed enemies in battle, regardless of the cause for which they fought, was common. Information about interesting conflict and peacebuilding efforts. Fikra Forum encourages a range of voices and perspectives. In parallel to this extreme Sunni side, ever since the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, Iran has been the fiercest in opposing Israel. Because individuals are often ignorant of other faiths, there is some potential tension but it does not necessarily mean conflict will result.

In circumstances where moderate ways are not perceived to have produced results, whether social, political, or economic, the populace may turn to extreme interpretations for solutions. In ancient times the authority was often God - in the Bible there are several occasions where God gave direct instructions to peoples to wage war. At least thirty people were killed, and 120 wounded, including former Prime Minister Shafik Wazzan, who was riding in a bulletproof car. 4There were reports of ethnic cleansing related to religion in Iraq in 2014. Religious fundamentalists are primarily driven by displeasure with modernity. [11][12] Max Müller characterized many other cultures around the world, including Egypt, Persia, and India, as having a similar power structure at this point in history. Just what I wanted to find to give some background on religious wars. Therefore, conflict can arise over whose interpretation is the correct one, a conflict that ultimately cannot be solved because there is no arbiter.

Photo Credits for Homepage, Sidebars, and Landing Pages, Contact Beyond Intractability Please change what you have written, because it is wrong. Violent acts in Iraq by both Sunni- and Shia-dominated groups and militias, including ISIS, led to killings, kidnappings, harassment, intimidation and displacement. Mohamed Galal Mostafa is a former Egyptian diplomat, and currently a researcher at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University. [55][56], The Abyssinian–Adal war was a military conflict between the Abyssinians and the Adal Sultanate from 1529 until 1559. The doctrine of the just war does not refer to any personal rewards for the participants - and such rewards would be against such a generally austere doctrine. [9] It was in the 19th century that the terms "Buddhism", "Hinduism", "Taoism", and "Confucianism" first emerged.


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